Appendix

OER Research Hub Interview Question Bank

Introduction

This Interview Bank provides a selection of questions generated by the OER Research Hub research team. A selection of these (or versions of these) questions have been used during fieldwork conducted during the project.

As the project focuses on the impact of OER on learning and teaching, questions have been contextualised to specific roles within this context, e.g. educator, student or manager. However, they can be modified according to your own requirements.

Questions for different groups of interviewee have been placed under the relevant hypotheses. There are two version of the hypothesis name given (the simplified version is given in brackets). Some questions replicate core questions from our questionnaire bank. The questions have been loosely ordered into “sets” with related questions, in addition to providing extra stand-alone questions.

How to use these questions

Some hypotheses are complimentary and relate to specific sectors (e.g. informal learning). In addition, some questions under one hypothesis may help provide information for other hypotheses (e.g. Hypothesis E on critical reflection of educators). Some of these synergies are noted in the text (where appropriate). To help you use the following sets of hypotheses questions more effectively, we have mapped them as follows:

General Questions for Use in Interviews

Please could you tell us your name and position and say a few words to introduce yourself.

What do you think are the biggest challenges in education today?

What do you think the future of education looks like?

Could you give me three words to describe [project/resource/initiative]?

At the end of an interview: Is there anything else you’d like to add?

Hypothesis A: Use of OER leads to improvement in student performance and satisfaction (OER improve student performance/satisfaction)

Questions for Educators and Managers

Have you used OER in the classroom? If not, why not? If so…

What has been your experience of using OER in the classroom?

What kinds of impact, if any, has use of OER in the classroom had on your students? Can you give me an example(s)?

Since you started using OER in the classroom, has there been any change in your teaching practice?

Are you satisfied with the quality of OER materials you have encountered?

Do you think OER helps motivate students?

Have you seen an improvement in student performance and/or satisfaction as a result of using OER?

Do students benefit from using OER? If so, in what ways/how?

Have you benefited from using OER? If so, in what ways/how?

Have there been any challenges to using OER?

Do you think we should have more, or less, OER? Why?

Do you think it is in the interests of an institution to promote and use OER? Why? Why not?

Questions for Students

What has been your experience of using OER for your studies?

Since you started using OER, have there been any change to the way that you learn?

Do you feel that you are less or more motivated to study when using OER?

Has the use of OER made a difference to your studies? If so, how? Why?

Are you satisfied with the quality of OER materials you have encountered?

Have there been any benefits to using OER?

Have there been any challenges to using OER?

Do you think we should have more, or less, OER? Why?

Hypothesis B: The Open Aspect of OER creates different usage and adoption patterns than other online resources (People use OER differently from other online materials)

Questions for All

How do you find resources online?

What kinds of resources do you look for?

Do you look specifically for resources that are open? If so, why?

How do you look for OER?

Has anybody ever recommended that you use a particular resource?

How do you use these resources?

Do you use open resources differently [to those that are not open]?

Do you adapt the resources you find?

If you adapt them, why? What do you do?

Can you give me an example?

What did you do to adapt these resources? Do you have any particular way you approach adaption?

Is open licensing important to you?

When you see that a resource does not have a CC license, does this make a difference to your use of that resource?

Do you think that CC licensing encourages different kinds of study behaviours?

In an educational context, and perhaps more widely, what does “openness” mean to you?

Open licensing through Creative Commons is one of the ways in which OER are identified and shared. But when we make something free and easy to copy it can be hard to tell what kind of influence this licensing has. What impact do you think ‘openness’ has in education?

Hypothesis C: Open Education models lead to more equitable access to education, serving a broader base of learners than traditional education (OER widen participation in education)

Questions for Educators

In your experience of either using OER, or being aware of OER initiatives, have you come across any examples of OER widening participation or improving access to education?

Hypothesis D: Use of OER is an effective method for improving retention for at-risk students (OER can help at-risk learners to finish their studies)

Questions for Educators

Within your own educational context, how would you describe an “at-risk student”?

Have you used OER with at-risk students?

What kinds of OER did you use? In what ways did you use this OER? Did your use of OER within this context differ from your normal use? What impact, if any, did using OER with at-risk students have? What kind of feedback, if any, did the students give you?

Is there a particular group of students that you think stand to benefit the most from using OER?

Which group of students stand to benefit the most from OER?

Hypothesis E: Use of OER leads to critical reflection by educators, with evidence of improvement in their practice (OER use leads educators to reflect on their practice)

Questions for Educators

Please note that questions for Hypothesis D re: use of OER with at-risk students could also provide indirect evidence for hypothesis D.

How has your use of OER had an influence in the way you think about teaching?

What have you learnt from using OER?

What changes have you experienced [as a teacher] as a result of using OER?

How has your involvement [e.g. in a particular project/use of a particular OER] changed the way you think about teaching?

How has your involvement [e.g. in project] changed the way you teach?

From your point of view, describe a story that epitomizes the most significant change that has resulted from your participation in [e.g. in a particular project/use of a particular OER] .Why was this story significant to you?

How do you use resources you find online? If you adapt them, what do you do? Can you give me an example? How did you go about adapting the resources? What kind of approach did you take?

Hypothesis F: OER adoption at an institutional level leads to financial benefits for students and/or institutions (OER adoption brings financial benefits for students/institutions)

These questions are aimed at educators and students who are making use of OER within the context of pilots/institutional adoption of specific resources/state-wide initiatives etc. However, although this hypothesis specifically refers to institutional adoption of OER, all questions could be used where open textbook/whole course OER/specific resources are being used.

Questions for Students

Have you made financial savings through using OER? How?

What is your impression of the total savings you have made as a results of using OER in the past year?

Has OER made it possible for you to engage in study which you would otherwise not have been able to afford?

Questions for Educators and Managers

Could you tell us more about how your institution adopted the OER you are using?

What kind of savings for students who use this OER, if any, have you seen?

Do you think students have saved money by using OER? If so, what is your impression of the savings they have made? If not, why?

Do you think there are hidden costs associated with the use of OER? If so, what are they?

Do you think your institution has benefitted from adopting/using OER? If so, how? If not, why not?

Has there been any financial benefits to your institution from OER use? Directly? Indirectly?

Hypothesis G: Informal learners use a variety of indicators when selecting OER (Informal learners use a variety of indicators when selecting OER)

Although this hypothesis is aimed at informal learners, asking students who are studying at an institution about their study behaviours/use of OER outside of the classroom may yield relevant information as some students also undertake additional home study/non-accredited study. Follow-on questions relating to other aspects of informal learning are available under Hypotheses H & K.

Questions for Students

Do you use OER outside of the classroom or the context of your studies (e.g. for home study or non-accredited study)?

How do you set about finding OER?

Is there a typical method you use for finding OER? Could you tell us more about how you find OER?

Do you make use of any internet tools to find OER? Which tools do you use?

How do you make judgements about the quality of OER?

Questions for Educators

How do you think students find OER?

How do you think students make judgements about the quality of OER that they find?

Do you recommend specific OER to your students?

Hypothesis H: Informal learners adopt a variety of techniques to compensate for the lack of formal support, which can be supported in open courses (Informal learners develop their own forms of study support)

These questions have been written to follow-on from those in Hypothesis G. See also Hypothesis K.

Questions for Students

General

Do you feel supported in your learning?

Can you describe to me how you study?

[The following is a modified version of the core survey question for this hypothesis]: Which of these have you used to support your learning with OER?

[Show cards with the following options]:

  • Discussion with others via social networks (e.g. Facebook, Google+, MySpace)
  • Discussion in online forums
  • Discussion with others in person
  • Discussion via microblogging (e.g. Twitter, Tumblr)
  • Discussion via videochat (e.g. Skype, Google Hangout, Facebook)
  • Consulting and/or editing wikis (e.g. Wikipedia)
  • Writing or reading blogs
  • Writing my own study notes
  • Informal study groups
  • Use of a learning journal/diary
  • Use of additional resources such as CDs, books, video and podcasts
  • Use of a study calendar/plan
  • Use of digital note taking applications (e.g. Google docs/drive, Evernote, Videonotes)

Could you tell us more about why you used these? Are there any ways you supported your learning with OER which have not been mentioned? Which of these ways to support your learning with OER might you regularly use?

Additional questions re: online courses (for all interviewees)

Have you ever taken an online open course (e.g. MOOC)? Please tell us more about what course you chose and why.

What kinds of support, if any, were offered in the course?

Did/do you feel supported in your learning?

How did you support your own learning?

Questions for Educators

Some students make use of OER in informal contexts, what do you think are the pros and cons of this type of learning?

Do you think that students compensate for any lack of formal support? If so, how? If not, why not?

Hypothesis I: Open education acts as a bridge to formal education, and is complementary, not competitive, with it (Open education acts as a bridge to formal education, and is complementary, not competitive, with it)

Questions for Educators and Managers

Some people believe that OER can make a positive contribution to student motivation and encourage people to move from informal learning to formal study programmes. Is this a view that you would agree with? Why? Why not?

Can you give an example from your own experience of someone moving from an informal study situation to a formal study situation?

Did OER have a role in that transition? If so, how?

What role did the use of OER have in that transition?

Did OER make the difference?

In what ways do you think OER might help the transition from informal to formal learning?

What do you think are the key factors in helping students transition from informal to formal learning settings?

Are other factors more important? If so, what are these factors?

What lessons or implications are there for the ways in which educational institutions recruit, motivate and support students?

Do you think that open education complements formal education, or competes with it?

Hypothesis J: Participation in OER pilots and programs leads to policy change at an institutional level (OER use encourages institutions to change their policies)

Questions for Educators and Managers

Has your institution participated in any OER pilots and/or programs?

How did these pilots and programs come about?

What was the aim of the pilot/program?

What kind of impact, if any, did this project/program have on your institutional policy and/or practice?

What kinds of practices and policies, if any, does your institution have in relation to OER?

Are you aware of any changes to policy and/or practice that have taken place at your institution as a result of participation in OER pilots and/or programs?

What is the name of the OER pilot(s) and/or program(s) which led to changes in policy and/or practice at your institution? [ask interviewee for reference/future detail, if needed]

In the context of your role as a [xxxx], what kinds of policies would help you to be more open?

 

For interviewees who have a specific project/repository/initiative based at their institution:

Do you think that there have been any changes to your institutional policies and practices as a result of [xxxx] being based at [xxxx]?

Hypothesis K: Informal means of assessment are motivators to learning with OER (Informal assessments motivate learners using OER)

These questions have been written to follow-on from those in Hypothesis G and H.

What motivates you as a learner?

Have you ever taken a course where you had the opportunity to be awarded a badge?

Was the course where you had the opportunity to be awarded a badge open?

When you are using an OER, what helps you to learn?

[The following is a modified version of the core survey question for this hypothesis]: Which of the following features have you encountered in your use of OER or open courses? Which, if any, of these have helped motivate you to study?

[Show cards with the following options]:

  • Being issued with a certificate for participating or completing the course
  • Being allowed to progress to the next section if I completed an automatically graded test correctly
  • Being able to work through the course with other people
  • Having an educator or instructor available to provide support
  • Being provided with hints or advice about how to answer a question or perform a task when I clicked on a button
  • Being allowed to look back and review my progress through the course
  • Being allowed to check whether I had answered a question correctly
  • Being given automated feedback on submitted work
  • Being allowed to talk with other learners on the course about my experiences (e.g.through forums)
  • The resource being part of a series of open, online courses which contributed to a recognised qualification
  • Being presented with a series of challenges to complete in order to demonstrate skills development
  • Being rewarded for participation, skills or knowledge through an online “badge”
  • Being required to complete tasks for which an instructor would give feedback
  • Being required to complete tasks for which other students would give feedback
  • The resource/course being structured to take place over a specific timeframe
  • There being virtual seminars where students could interact with each other and an instructor
  • Working collaboratively with other people to complete tasks

Is there any other feature of a an OER or open course that has motivated you to study?

Which of the features you’ve encountered do you like the most? Do you feel that they have helped motivate you to learn?

Are you aware of ‘badging’? Do you believe that badging helps to motivate learners like you? Why/Why not?

OER Research Hub Survey Question Bank

1_1      What is your age?

  1. Under 15 years
  2. 15 – 18 years
  3. 19 – 24 years
  4. 25 – 34 years
  5. 35 – 44 years
  6. 45 – 54 years
  7. 55 – 64 years
  8. 65 – 74 years
  9. Over 74 years

1_2      What is your gender?

Male

Female

Transgender

1_3      Where do you live?

[add list of countries]

1_4      What is your ethnicity?

[open]

1_5      Is English your first spoken language?

  1. Yes
  2. No

If NO, please specify your first spoken language

1_6_1  What is your highest educational qualification?

UK categories

  1. No formal qualification
  2. Lower than A level
  3. A level or equivalent
  4. Higher education qualification
  5. Postgraduate qualification
  6. Vocational Qualification

Other (please specify)

1_6_2  What is your highest educational qualification?

US categories

  1. High School Diploma
  2. Attended College
  3. Associates Degree (two-year)
  4. Bachelors Degree
  5. Masters Degree
  6. PhD or Professional Doctorate
  7. No formal qualification

Other (please specify)

1_6_3  What is your highest educational qualification?

Global categories

  1. School-leaving qualification (16-18 years)
  2. Vocational qualification (i.e. practical, trade-based)
  3. College diploma or certificate
  4. Undergraduate/Bachelors University degree
  5. Postgraduate/Graduate School University degree
  6. No formal qualification

Other (please specify)

1_7      What is your employment status? [Tick all that apply]

  1. Full-time employed/self-employed
  2. Part-time employed/self-employed
  3. Full-time voluntary work
  4. Part-time voluntary work
  5. Full-time student
  6. Part-time student
  7. Unwaged and seeking employment
  8. Unwaged with domestic responsibilities
  9. Disabled and not able to work
  10. Retired

Other (please specify)

1_8      Do you consider yourself to have a disability?

Yes

No

1_9      If you have answered YES to question <xx>, please indicate the nature of your disability (Tick all that apply)

  1. Blind/partially sighted
  2. Deaf/hard of hearing
  3. Speech impediment
  4. Mobility and dexterity impairment(s)
  5. Learning difficulties/disabilities
  6. Neuro-diverse impairment(s)
  7. Mental health problem(s)
  8. Long term illness / chronic medical condition

Other (please specify)

1_10    In which of these ways, if any, have you accessed the Internet during the past three months? (Select all that apply)

  1. Via an Internet-enabled mobile phone (smartphone)
  2. Via a tablet computer or iPad
  3. At home using a broadband connection
  4. At home using a dial-up connection
  5. Via a games console
  6. At work
  7. At an educational institution
  8. Via a community facility (e.g. a library)
  9. Via a commercial facility (e.g. cyber café)

In another way (please specify)

1_11    Which of these things have you done in the last year? (Select all that apply)

  1. Sent an email
  2. Written a document using word processing software (e.g Word)
  3. Used presentation software (e.g. PowerPoint)
  4. Performed calculations with spreadsheet software (e.g. Excel)
  5. Contributed to a wiki (e.g. Wikipedia)
  6. Written a blog post (e.g. WordPress, Blogger)
  7. Shared an image online (e.g. Flickr, Instagram, Pinterest)
  8. Posted on a microblogging platform (e.g. Twitter, Tumblr)
  9. Took part in a videochat (e.g. Skype)
  10. Contributed to an Internet forum
  11. Contributed to a social network (e.g. Facebook, Google+, MySpace, Beebo)
  12. Used cloud-based storage (e.g. Dropbox, Google Drive)
  13. Shopped online (e.g. eBay, Amazon)
  14. Downloaded a podcast (e.g. iTunes)
  15. Downloaded a file using a torrent client (e.g. Bittorrent, UTorrent)
  16. Filmed and uploaded video content
  17. Used a virtual learning environment to study or teach (e.g. Moodle. Blackboard)
  18. Recorded and uploaded a podcast

Formal and informal learner-specific independent variable questions

1_12    What are your main reasons for study? [Formal learners]

  1. To gain a qualification/credits for further study
  2. To improve employment prospects
  3. For professional development
  4. For personal development
  5. For leisure or enjoyment
  6. In connection with voluntary work or caring responsibilities
  7. To gain confidence or self-esteem
  8. As a replacement for college or university education

Other (please specify)

1_13    What is the format of your studies? [Select any that apply.]

  1. Full-time face-to-face study
  2. Part-time face-to-face study
  3. Full-time distance/online study
  4. Part-time distance/online study
  5. Full-time blended (face to face and distance/online) study
  6. Part-time blended (face to face and distance/online) study
  7. Informal (i.e. with no teacher or tutor support)

Other (please specify)

1_14    Within which educational contexts do you study? [Select one].

  1. School education
  2. Further Education/College
  3. Higher education/University
  4. Work-based education
  5. Personal (one-to-one) tutoring
  6. Study without a teacher

Other (please specify)

General filter questions

1_15    What are your main reasons for using the <site name> resources?

  1. Personal interest
  2. Family interest
  3. Professional development
  4. Study related to my work or business
  5. In connection with my formal studies
  6. For use when training others at work
  7. For use when teaching in an educational institution (e.g. school, college, university, adult learning centre)
  8. To find information (rather than study a complete unit)
  9. For the purpose of sharing with others
  10. To improve my study skills
  11. To improve my non-native language skills
  12. Relevant to voluntary work or caring responsibilities

Other (please specify)

Educator-specific independent variable questions

1_16    What kind of teaching do you do? (Select any that apply)

  1. Full-time face to face teaching
  2. Part-time face-to-face teaching
  3. Full-time distance/online teaching
  4. Part-time distance/online teaching
  5. Full-time blended (face to face and distance/online) teaching
  6. Part-time blended (face to face and distance/online) teaching
  7. Work-based training

Other (please specify)

1_17    Within which educational context(s) do you work? (Select any that apply)

  1. School education (K12)
  2. Further Education/College
  3. Higher education/University
  4. Work-based training
  5. Personal (one-to-one) tutoring

Other (please specify)

1_18    In which subject area(s) do you usually teach? (Tick any that apply)

  1. Computing and Information Science
  2. Psychology and Philosophy
  3. Religious Studies
  4. Social Science
  5. Languages & Linguistics
  6. Science
  7. Mathematics
  8. Arts
  9. Literature
  10. History & Geography
  11. Economics, Business & Management
  12. Applied Science, Technology, Engineering
  13. Medicine
  14. Health & Social Care
  15. Education Studies
  16. Physical Education
  17. Special Education

Other (please specify)

1_19    In which subject area(s) do you usually use open educational resources? (Tick any that apply)

  1. Computing and information science
  2. Psychology and Philosophy
  3. Religious Studies
  4. Social Science
  5. Languages & Linguistics
  6. Science
  7. Mathematics
  8. Arts
  9. Literature
  10. History & Geography
  11. Economics, Business & Management
  12. Applied science, technology, engineering
  13. Medicine
  14. Health & Social Care
  15. Education Studies
  16. Physical Education
  17. Special Education

Other (please specify)

1_20    For how many years have you been teaching?

  1. Under 1 year
  2. 1 to 3 years
  3. 4 to 6 years
  4. 7 to 10 years
  5. Over 10 years

1_21    Which of the following activities have you done in the past year? (Tick all that apply)

  1. Used Twitter or other social networking to share information
  2. Maintained a personal blog or wiki
  3. Presented your work at research events (e.g. conferences)
  4. Presented your work at staff development events
  5. Published podcasts or other audio/video online
  6. Used social bookmarking or similar to share links
  7. Deposited a resource into an open repository
  8. Shared resources in response to requests via mailing lists or email
  9. Published books or study guides with a commercial publisher
  10. Published research or teaching presentations publicly online
  11. Linked to online content when writing reports, papers, etc.
  12. Published a paper in an academic journal

QUESTIONS FOR EACH HYPOTHESIS FOLLOW

HYPOTHESIS A: Use of OER leads to improvement in student performance and satisfaction

2_1      Based on your experience as a teacher, to what extent do you agree with the following statements?

Use of open educational resources (e.g. <OpenLearn/Connexions> content in the classroom…

[Strongly agree, agree, neither agree nor disagree, disagree, strongly disagree]

  1. Increases learners’ participation in class discussions
  2. Increases learners’ interest in the subjects taught
  3. Increases learners’ satisfaction with the learning experience
  4. Leads to improved student grades
  5. Builds learners’ confidence
  6. Develops learners’ increased independence and self-reliance
  7. Allows me to better accommodate diverse learners’ needs
  8. Increases learners’ engagement with lesson content
  9. Increases learners’ experimentation with new ways of learning
  10. Increases collaboration and/or peer-support amongst learners
  11. Increases learners’ enthusiasm for future study
  12. Leads to learners becoming interested in a wider range of subjects than before they used OER

I have not used OER content in the classroom

Further comments [open-ended]

2_2      In which of these ways, if any, has your use of open educational resources made an impact on your formal studies? (Tick all that apply) [Learners]

Using open educational resources <OpenLearn content / Connexions content> has led to my…

  1. Increased participation in class discussions
  2. Increased interest in the subjects taught
  3. Increased satisfaction with the learning experience
  4. Grades improving
  5. Gaining confidence
  6. Having increased independence and self-reliance
  7. Increased engagement with lesson content
  8. Increased experimentation with new ways of learning
  9. Increased collaboration with my peers
  10. Increased enthusiasm for future study
  11. Becoming interested in a wider range of subjects than before I used these resources
  12. Being more likely to complete my course of study

Further comments [open-ended].

HYPOTHESIS B: The open aspect of OER creates different usage and adoption patterns than other online resources

TEXT: About open educational resources

Open Educational Resources are teaching, learning or research materials that are in the public domain or released with an intellectual property license that allows for free use, adaptation, and distribution.. Open educational resources can be in many formats, including open textbooks, complete courses and small assets such as videos.

Many free online resources are open educational resources.

3_1      In which of these ways, if any, have you used or created open educational resources (OER)? [Tick all that apply]

  1. I have used open educational resources
  2. I have adapted open educational resources to fit my needs
  3. I have created open educational resources for study or teaching
  4. I have created resources myself and published them on a Creative Commons (CC) licence
  5. I have added a resource to a repository
  6. I have downloaded a resource from a repository
  7. I have added comments to a repository regarding the quality of a resource
  8. I have added comments to a repository suggesting ways of using a resource
  9. I have not used or created open educational resources

Other (please specify)

[Learners]

  1. I have used open educational resources in the context of my studies
  2. I have taken a course comprised of open educational resources

3_2      [Educators] Which, if any, of the following types of open educational resources have you used for teaching/training? (Select all that apply)

  1. Open textbooks
  2. Whole course
  3. Elements of a course (e.g. a module/unit)
  4. Videos
  5. Audio podcasts
  6. Images
  7. Infographics
  8. Interactive games
  9. Lectures
  10. Lesson plans
  11. Tutorials
  12. Quizzes
  13. E-books
  14. Data sets
  15. Learning tools, instruments and plugins

Other (please specify)

3_3      [Learners] Which, if any, of the following types of open educational resources have you used? (Tick all that apply)

  1. Open textbooks
  2. Whole course
  3. Elements of a course (e.g. a module/unit)
  4. Videos
  5. Audio podcasts
  6. Images
  7. Infographics
  8. Interactive games
  9. Lectures
  10. Lesson plans
  11. Tutorials
  12. Quizzes
  13. E-books
  14. Data sets
  15. Learning tools, instruments and software plugins

Other (please specify)

3_4      [Educators] For which of the following purposes have you used educational resources in the context of your teaching/training? (Select all that apply)

  1. To prepare for my teaching/training
  2. To get new ideas and inspiration.
  3. To supplement my existing lessons or coursework
  4. As ‘assets’ (e.g. images or text extracts) within a classroom lesson
  5. To give to learners as compulsory self-study materials
  6. To give to learners as optional self-study materials
  7. To provide e-learning materials to online learners.
  8. To compare them with my own teaching/training materials in order to assess the quality of my materials
  9. To broaden the range of my teaching methods
  10. To broaden the range of resources available to my learners
  11. To make my teaching more culturally diverse [or responsive]
  12. To enhance my professional development
  13. To stay up-to-date in a subject or topic area
  14. To learn about a new topic
  15. To engage my students more fully in a topic area
  16. To connect with teachers or learners who have similar interests (e.g. by reading comments they have posted about resources)
  17. To interest hard-to-engage learners

Other (please specify).

3_5      [Learners] For what purposes have you used open educational resources? (Tick all that apply)

  1. Personal development
  2. Leisure or enjoyment
  3. Study connected with employment
  4. Training others at work
  5. Teaching in an educational institution (e.g. school, college, university, adult learning centre)
  6. To find information (rather than study a complete unit)
  7. To supplement my higher education study
  8. To supplement my college study
  9. To supplement other types of formal study
  10. To improve my study skills
  11. To improve my non-native language skills
  12. In connection with a business

Other (please specify):

3_6      [Learners] Which, if any, of the following factors influenced your decision to use open educational resources <or give repository name, e.g. Connexions>? (Tick all that apply)

  1. The opportunity to study at reduced or no cost
  2. The chance to try university-level content before signing up for a paid-for course
  3. The materials can be used flexibly
  4. The materials can be accessed at any time
  5. The materials can be studied online
  6. A desire to have a learning experience/study a course
  7. A need to find information (but not to study a course)

Another factor (please specify)

3_7      [Learners & educators]. In which ways, if any, do you share information about the open educational resources that you find? (Select all that apply)

  1. Via email
  2. Via a mailing list
  3. Via a social network (e.g. Facebook, Google+, MySpace, Beebo)
  4. Via blogging (e.g. WordPress, Blogger)
  5. Via a video tube site (e.g. YouTube, Daily Motion, Vimeo)
  6. Via an internet forum
  7. Published on a personal website
  8. Via microblogging (e.g. Twitter, Tumblr)
  9. Via curation services (e.g. Scoopit)
  10. Via image sharing services (e.g. Flickr, Instagram, Pinterest)
  11. Via cloud-based storage (e.g. Dropbox, Google Drive)
  12. Via podcast
  13. Via virtual learning environment (VLE) (e.g. Moodle. Blackboard) or intranet
  14. In person
  15. I don’t share information about open educational resources

Other sharing method (please specify)

3_8      [Educators & Learners] Which OER repositories or educational sites have you used?

  1. iTunes/iTunesU
  2. YouTube/YouTubeEdu/YouTubeSchool
  3. TED talks/TED-Ed
  4. Merlot
  5. OpenLearn
  6. Khan Academy
  7. Jorum
  8. Curriki
  9. Connexions
  10. CK-12
  11. Wikibooks
  12. MIT Open Courseware
  13. Creative Commons
  14. Saylor Foundation
  15. Massively Open Online Courses (MOOC) (e.g. FutureLearn, MITx, Coursera, etc.)
  16. I have not used any of these sites

Other (please specify)

3_9      [Educators & learners] What difference, if any, has your use of open educational resources made to your sharing practices? [Open]

3_10    [Educators & learners] In which subject area(s) do you usually create or use learning resources? (Select all that apply)

  1. Computing and information science
  2. Psychology and Philosophy
  3. Religious Studies
  4. Social Science
  5. Languages & Linguistics
  6. Science
  7. Mathematics
  8. Arts
  9. Literature
  10. History & Geography
  11. Economics, Business & Management
  12. Applied science, technology, engineering
  13. Medicine
  14. Health & Social Care
  15. Education Studies
  16. Physical Education
  17. Special Education

Other (please specify)

3_11    [Formal learners] In which subject area(s) are you studying and in which subject area(s) do you usually use learning resources? [I am studying in this subject area / I use open educational resources in this subject area]

  1. Computing and information science
  2. Psychology and Philosophy
  3. Religious Studies
  4. Social Science
  5. Languages & Linguistics
  6. Science
  7. Mathematics
  8. Arts
  9. Literature
  10. History & Geography
  11. Economics, Business & Management
  12. Applied science, technology, engineering
  13. Medicine
  14. Health & Social Care
  15. Education Studies
  16. Physical Education
  17. Special Education

Other (please specify)

3_12    [Educators] Which challenges, if any, do you most often face in using open educational resources? (Select all that apply)

  1. Overcoming technology problems when downloading resources
  2. Knowing where to find resources
  3. Finding suitable resources in my subject area
  4. Finding resources of sufficiently high quality
  5. Finding resources that are up-to-date
  6. Finding resources that are relevant to my local context
  7. Getting work colleagues/managers to accept the use of open educational resources
  8. Not being skilled enough to edit resources to suit my own context
  9. Not knowing whether I have permission to use, change or modify resources
  10. Not having enough time to look for suitable resources
  11. Not having connections with open educational resource-using peers who could be a source of support
  12. Missing/needing the support of a tutor or teacher to help me work through open course materials
  13. Not knowing how to use the resources in the classroom
  14. Not having enough time/opportunities to experiment with using open educational resources in the classroom
  15. Lacking institutional support for my use of open educational resources
  16. Resources not being aligned with professional standards or regulation
  17. Alignment with recognition and/or certification

Other (please specify)

 

IMAGE: Creative Commons logo

http://mirrors.creativecommons.org/presskit/icons/cc.large.png

“A license is a document that specifies what can and cannot be done with a work (whether sound, text, image or multimedia). It grants permissions and states restrictions. Broadly speaking, an open license is one which grants permission to access, re-use and redistribute a work with few or no restrictions.” Open Definition http://opendefinition.org/guide/

3_13    [Educators & learners] What do you know about this logo?

  1. I’ve never seen it
  2. I’ve seen it but I don’t know what it means
  3. I’ve seen it and I know what it means

3_14    [Educators] How important is open licensing to you when using resources in your teaching? [5 point L-Scale Very important…Not at all important]

Further comments

3_15    [Learners] How important is open licensing to you when using open educational resources? [5 point L-scale Very important…Not at all important]

Further comments

HYPOTHESIS C: Open education models lead to more equitable access to education,     serving a broader base of learners than traditional education

The survey should be able to provide data through a combination of demographics information and the responses to questions for hypotheses A and B. No specific questions for this hypothesis.

HYPOTHESIS D: Use of OER is an effective method for improving retention for at-risk students

NOTES: This hypothesis will perhaps be best answered through (1) Comparison of demographic information with general figures/national averages; (2) Using metrics for identifying typically at-risk students from the demographic information. (3) Case study qualitative research based around interviews. (4) Institution-provided retention figures.

Note – this question need not stand alone but can be added to the hypothesis A matrix.

 

[Educators] To what extent do you agree with the following statement:

4_1      Using open educational resources increases the likelihood of at-risk students continuing with their studies (strongly agree, agree, neither agree nor disagree, disagree, strongly disagree)[ac]

Further comments

4_2      [Educators] In your experience, do any of the following aspects of open educational resources help improve retention for students who are at risk of dropping out of their course of study? (Select all that apply)

  1. Reduced cost of study materials
  2. Greater range of learning methods
  3. Materials can be used flexibly
  4. Materials can be accessed at any time
  5. Materials can be adapted to suit student needs
  6. Use of resources for improving study skills
  7. Materials can be used for improving non-native language skills
  8. Materials are available in different languages
  9. Availability of culturally-relevant materials

Other (please specify)

HYPOTHESIS E: Use of OER leads to critical reflection by educators, with evidence of improvement in their practice

5_1      [Educators] To what extent do you agree with the following statements about the impact on your teaching practice of your using open educational resources? [strongly agree, agree, neither agree nor disagree, disagree, strongly disagree]

  1. I have broadened my coverage of the curriculum
  2. I use a broader range of teaching and learning methods
  3. I have improved ICT skills
  4. I make use of a wider range of multimedia
  5. I make more use of culturally diverse resources
  6. I have a more up-to-date knowledge of my subject area
  7. I reflect more on the way that I teach
  8. I more frequently compare my own teaching with others
  9. I now use OER study to develop my teaching
  10. I collaborate more with colleagues
  11. Further comments about the impact on your teaching of using open educational resources

HYPOTHESIS F: OER adoption at an institutional level leads to financial benefits for students and/or institutions

6_1      [Learners] Have you saved money by using open educational resources?

  1. Yes
  2. No
  3. Don’t Know

Further comments

6_2      [Educators] Do you believe that your students have saved money by using open educational resources?

  1. Yes
  2. No
  3. Don’t Know

Further comments

6_3      [Educators and learners] Do you think that your institution benefits financially by using OER?

  1. Yes
  2. No
  3. Don’t Know

Further comments

HYPOTHESIS G: Informal learners use a variety of indicators when selecting OER

7_1      [Educators & learners] Which of the following factors would make you more likely to select a particular resource when searching for open educational content?

  1. Evidence of interest in that resource (e.g. lots of downloads)
  2. The resource being recently created, uploaded or updated
  3. The resource being easy to download
  4. A description of learning objectives or outcomes being provided
  5. The resource being created/uploaded by a reputable/trusted institution or person
  6. The resource having a Creative Commons license
  7. The resource having an open license allowing adaptation
  8. The length/complexity of the resource
  9. Use of interactive or multimedia content (e.g. video or quiz) in the resource
  10. Positive user ratings or comments about the resource
  11. Personal recommendation
  12. Having previously used this resource successfully
  13. The resource being relevant to my particular interests/needs
  14. The resource featuring a catchy title or attractive image(s)
  15. Being required to use a resource for a project or study task
  16. The resource having previously been used with students [teacher only question]
  17. A detailed description of the resource content being provided

Other (please specify)/Further comments

HYPOTHESIS H: Informal learners adopt a variety of techniques to compensate for the lack of formal support, which can be supported in open courses

TEXT: Informal learning is the activity of understanding, gaining knowledge or acquiring skills that occurs outside of formal educational institutions. This kind of learning typically occurs without teacher/tutor support.

8_1      [All learners] Which, if any, of these techniques have you used to support your learning with open educational resources? [Tick all that apply]

  1. Discussion with others via social networks (e.g. Facebook, Google+, MySpace)
  2. Discussion in online forums
  3. Discussion with others in person
  4. Discussion via microblogging (e.g. Twitter, Tumblr)
  5. Discussion via videochat (e.g. Skype, Google Hangout, Facebook)
  6. Consulting and/or editing wikis (e.g. Wikipedia)
  7. Writing or reading blogs
  8. Writing my own study notes
  9. Informal study groups
  10. Use of a learning journal/diary
  11. Use of additional resources such as CDs, books, video and podcasts
  12. Use of a study calendar/plan

Other learning support technique (please specify)

HYPOTHESIS I: Open education acts as a bridge to formal education, and is complementary, not competitive, with it

9_1      [Informal learners] As a result of using <specify repository>, are you more or less likely to do any of the following? [More likely – no change – less likely – don’t know]

  1. Study a free course / study a free open educational resource
  2. Enrol on a paid-for course
  3. Enrol on a paid-for course and work towards a qualification
  4. Do further research in the subject you are interested in
  5. Download more materials from <specify repository>
  6. Make use of <specifiy source e.g. OpenLearn> materials for teaching
  7. Share <specifiy source e.g. OpenLearn> materials with others
  8. Recommend <specifiy source e.g. OpenLearn> free content to others

Further comments

9_2      [Formal learners] As a student, did you study your subject via open educational resources before joining your course?

  1. Yes
  2. No
  3. Not sure

Further comments

9_3      [Formal learners] Did your use of open educational resources influence your decision to register for your current course of study?

  1. Yes
  2. No
  3. Not sure

Further comments

HYPOTHESIS J: Participation in OER pilots and programs leads to policy change at institutional level

10_1    [Educators] Does your institution have a policy with respect to using or creating open educational resources?

  1. Yes
  2. No
  3. Don’t know

Further comments

HYPOTHESIS K: Informal means of assessment are motivators to learning with OER

11_1    [Learners & educators.] In your use of open educational resources, which of the following features have you encountered?

  1. Being issued with a certificate for participating or completing the course
  2. Being allowed to progress to the next section if I completed an automatically graded test correctly
  3. Being able to work through the course with other people
  4. Having an educator or instructor available to provide support
  5. Being provided with hints or advice about how to answer a question or perform a task when I clicked on a button
  6. Being allowed to look back and review my progress through the course
  7. Being allowed to check whether I had answered a question correctly
  8. Being given automated feedback on submitted work
  9. Being allowed to talk with other learners on the course about my experiences (e.g. through forums)
  10. The resource being part of a series of open, online courses which contributed to a recognised qualification
  11. Being presented with a series of challenges to complete in order to demonstrate skills development
  12. Being rewarded for participation, skills or knowledge through an online “badge”
  13. Being required to complete tasks for which an instructor would give feedback
  14. Being required to complete tasks for which other students would give feedback
  15. The resource/course being structured to take place over a specific timeframe
  16. There being virtual seminars where students could interact with each other and an instructor
  17. Working collaboratively with other people to complete tasks

Further comments

11_2    [Learners & educators.] In your use of open educational resources, which of the following features have motivated you to study?

  1. Being issued with a certificate for participating or completing the course
  2. Being allowed to progress to the next section if I completed an automatically graded test correctly
  3. Being able to work through the course with other people
  4. Having an educator or instructor available to provide support
  5. Being provided with hints or advice about how to answer a question or perform a task when I clicked on a button
  6. Being allowed to look back and review my progress through the course
  7. Being allowed to check whether I had answered a question correctly
  8. Being given automated feedback on submitted work
  9. Being allowed to talk with other learners on the course about my experiences (e.g. through forums)
  10. The resource being part of a series of open, online courses which contributed to a recognised qualification
  11. Being presented with a series of challenges to complete in order to demonstrate skills development
  12. Being rewarded for participation, skills or knowledge through an online “badge”
  13. Being required to complete tasks for which an instructor would give feedback
  14. Being required to complete tasks for which other students would give feedback
  15. The resource/course being structured to take place over a specific timeframe
  16. There being virtual seminars where students could interact with each other and an instructor
  17. Working collaboratively with other people to complete tasks

Further comments